Wednesday, August 10, 2011

Muslim Inventors.. Who said there are none..

More often than not, we come across people who look down on Islamic Civilization. Some may even ask, what have the Muslim given to the world.. So i decided to make a list of inventions by muslim invertors. This may not be complete and i hope my friends can add to it.

* Turhan Alçelik (c. 2006), Turkey — non-glaring headlamp

* Al-Ashraf, (fl. 1282–1296), Yemen — dry compass

* Abd al-Latif al-Baghdadi, (1162–1231), Iraq/Egypt — ventilator

* Abi Bakr of Isfahan, (c. 1235), Persia/Iran — mechanical geared astrolabe with lunisolar calendar analog computer

* Ibn Bassal, (fl.1038–1075), Islamic Spain — flywheel, flywheel-driven noria, flywheel-driven saqiya chain pump

* Muhammad ibn Jābir al-Harrānī al-Battānī (Albatenius), (853-929), Syria/Turkey — observation tube

* Abu Mansoor Nizar al-Aziz Billah, (955–996), Egypt — airmail, homing pigeon

* Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, (973–1048), Persia/Iran — mechanical geared lunisolar calendar analog computer, fixed-wired knowledge processing machine, conical measure, laboratory flask, Orthographical astrolabe, hodometer, pycnometer

* Lagari Hasan Celebi, (1633), Turkey — first manned rocket flight in 1633. Lagari Hasan Çelebi launched in a 7 winged rocket using 50 okka (140 lbs) of gunpowder from Sarayburnu. (* Lagari may not be a Muslim)

* Muhammad al-Fazari, (d. 796/806), Persia/Iran/Iraq — brass astrolabe

* Fatima al-Fihri, (c. 859), Tunisia/Morocco — university. University of Al-Qarawiyine, in 841 CE (Note : This may not fit the defination of university in certain aspect)

* Abbas Ibn Firnas (Armen Firman), (810-887), Al-Andalus — eye glasses, artificial wings, watch, fused quartz and silica glass, artificial thunder and lightning, metronome

* Ibn al-Haytham (Alhazen), (965–1039), Iraq — camera obscura, pinhole camera, magnifying glass

* Muhammad Husayn, (fl.17th century), Persia/Iran — cartographic Qibla indicator with sundial and compass

* Jabir ibn Aflah (Geber), (c. 1100–1150), Islamic Spain — portable celestial globe

* Jābir ibn Hayyān (Geber), (c. 721-815), Persia/Iran — pure distillation, liquefaction, purification, retort, mineral acids, nitric and sulfuric acids, hydrochloric acid, aqua regia, alum, alkali, borax, pure sal ammoniac, lead carbonatic, arsenic, antimony, bismuth, pure mercury and sulfur, plated mail

* Al-Jazari, (1136–1206), Iraq — crank-driven and hydropowered saqiya chain pump, crank-driven screw and screwpump, elephant clock, weight-driven clock, weight-driven pump, reciprocating piston suction pump, geared and hydropowered water supply system, programmable humanoid robots, robotics, hand washing automata, flush mechanism, lamination, static balancing, paper model, sand casting, molding sand, intermittency, linkage

* Ibn Al-Jazzar (Algizar), (c. 898-980), Tunisia — sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction treatment drugs

* Jamshīd al-Kāshī, (c. 1380–1429), Persia/Iran — plate of conjunctions, analog planetary computer

* Fazlur Khan, (1929–1982), Bangladesh — structural systems for high-rise skyscrapers

* Al-Khazini, (fl.1115–1130), Persia/Iran — hydrostatic balance

* Abu-Mahmud al-Khujandi, (c. 940–1000), Persia/Iran — astronomical sextant

* Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī (Algoritmi), (c. 780-850), Persia/Iran — modern algebra, mural instrument, horary quadrant, Sine quadrant, shadow square

* Ammar ibn Ali al-Mawsili, (9th century), Iraq — syringe, hypodermic needle, cataract extraction, injection, suction

* Ibn Khalaf al-Muradi, (fl.11th century), Islamic Spain — geared mechanical clock, segmental gear, epicyclic gearing

* Hasan al-Rammah, (.1270s), Syria — purified potassium nitrate, explosive gunpowder,

* Muhammad ibn Zakarīya Rāzi (Rhazes), (865–965), Persia/Iran — distillation and extraction methods, sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid, soap kerosene, kerosene lamp, chemotherapy, sodium hydroxide

* Ibn Samh, (c. 1020), Middle East — mechanical geared astrolabe

* Ibn al-Shatir, (1304–1375), Syria — "jewel box" device which combined a compass with a universal sundial

* Fathullah Shirazi, (c. 1582), Mughal India — early volley gun

* Al-Sijzi, (c. 945–1020), Persia/Iran — heliocentric astrolabe

* Ibn Sina (Avicenna), (973–1037), Persia/Iran — steam distillation, essential oil, pharmacopoeia, clinical pharmacology, clinical trial, randomized controlled trial, quarantine, cancer surgery, cancer therapy, pharmacotherapy, phytotherapy, Hindiba, Taxus baccata L, calcium channel blocker

* Taqi al-Din, (1526–1585), Syria/Egypt/Turkey — steam turbine, six-cylinder 'Monobloc' suction pump, framed sextant

* Mardi bin Ali al-Tarsusi, (c. 1187), Middle East — counterweight trebuchet, mangonel

* Tipu Sultan, (1750–1799), India — iron-cased rocket

* Sharaf al-Dīn al-Tūsī, (1135–1213), Persia/Iran — linear astrolabe

* Khalid ibn Yazid, (635-704), Syria/Egypt — potassium nitrate

* Gazi Yasargil, (1925- ), Turkey — Microneurosurgery

* Muhammad Yunus, (b. 1940), Bangladesh — microcredit, microfinance

* Abu Yaqub Yusuf, (c. 1274), Morocco/Spain — siege cannon

* Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi (Abulcasis), (936–1013), Islamic Spain — catgut surgical suture, various surgical instruments and dental devices

* Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm al-Zarqālī (Arzachel), (1028–1087), Islamic Spain — almanac, equatorium, universal astrolabe

* Ziryab, (789—857), Iraq/Syria/Tunisia/Spain — bangs, beauty parlour, cosmetology school, chemical depilatory, toothpaste, under-arm deodorant, three-course meal

* Ibn Zuhr (Avenzoar), (1091–1161), Islamic Spain — general anaesthesia, general anaesthetic, oral anesthesia, inhalational anaesthetic, narcotic-soaked sponge, tracheotomy, parasitology, pharmacopoeia


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Anonymous said...

The Republicans got tired of being fingered for the corrupt trash they are and this time around timed the crisis so it would fall into the Democratic Administration's lap with the bailout scandal. Republican donors/friends enjoyed enrichment at the expense of the taxpayer, as we saw with the S&L Scandal in the 80s, but this time they dodged the scorn associated and tried to unload it on the opposing party.
The entire real estate scandal was different, but fools who do what they are told greased the wheels of this crisis. Now they have the information they need, been foreclosed on and evicted, and are left holding an empty bag labeled "immortality".
The gods played both sides of this event as they typically do, and those to whom they sold the real estate scam to in the 90s profiteered in the 2000s when the sub-prime machine flew into full gear during the peak of the market in 2006-2007. But we are all judged for our behavior, real or clone host, and despite perception of priveledge those who participated will suffer poetic justice, unless they have slipped into Damnation and are no longer eligible for punishment.
The gods position their theater like this for a reason::::This alienates the masses who flock to the party of evil liberalism while using the Republicans to prepare for god's will with governmental insolvency and the destruction of the true "evil empire".

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